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20
Jan
2016
Cold And Flu
 By Khyati Rupani
The common cold is a viral infection of your upper respiratory tract - your nose and throat. A common cold is usually harmless, although it may not feel that way at the time. If it's not a runny nose, sore throat and cough, it's the watery eyes, sneezing and congestion - or maybe all of the above. Cold and flu symptoms are similar but have different intensity levels. A cold usually begins with minor sniffling or sneezing, while the flu hits you all at once.   

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A COMMON COLD MAY INCLUDE:
  • Runny or Stuffy nose
  • Itchy or sore throat
  • Cough
  • Slightly body aches or a mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes

  SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF FLU MAY INCLUDE:
  • Moderate - to high fever
  • Itchy Or Sore throat
  • Severe muscle Or body ache
  • Stuffy and runny nose
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Chest discomfort and cough

FOOD THAT HELPS IN RELIEVING THE COLD:
 
Chicken soup - It's been called nature's penicillin and is at the top of the list for its curative powers. Hot chicken soup helps clear clogged airways. 
Garlic - Garlic is also believed to act as an antioxidant and destroy free-radicals, the active oxygen molecules that damage cells. 
Fluids - To keep you liquefied. 
Citrus fruits - citrus fruits increase your vitamin C intake. 
Ginger - Fresh ginger root helps treat the coughing and fever that often accompany colds and flu. 
Sweet Potato - Sweet Potatoes are a great source of vitamin A, which plays a key role in maintaining the health of your mucosal surface. So If you wish to keep infection at bay is best to keep your mucus membranes healthy. 
Turmeric - Turmeric is high in antioxidant and considered a natural anti - inflammatory.  

VITAMIN C: Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a water-soluble vitamin that must be obtained through food. Vitamin C also holds powerful antioxidant properties, which protect the body from virus-causing bacteria. Vitamin C is probably best known as an antioxidant.

SOURCES OF VIT.C: Fruits and vegetables are the best sources of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is also widely available in the form of dietary supplements. Citrus fruits are greatest source of vitamin C. potatoes, green peppers, strawberries, lime, pineapple, and papaya. 

FOODS THAT CAN BE CONSUMED DURING COLD AND FLU:
Cereals - Cereals Provide Vitamins and Protein to body and also rich in mineral content. Cereals are good source of energy. For Ex. Mashed Khichadis, dal.

Fruits - 
1. Papaya : Papaya contains natural fiber, carotene, vitamin C and essential minerals. The high concentration of Vitamin C and Vitamin A contained in papaya is very beneficial to strengthen the immune system. 

2. Orange : The fruit is low in calories, contains no saturated fats or cholesterol, but is rich in dietary fiber. Oranges are excellent source of vitamin C.
Eggs, Chicken soup
Garlic, Ginger and basil leaves

FEW TIPS:
  1. For a day or two, consume only liquids such as - water, teas, and soups.
  2. Consume easily digested foods such as lemonade (hot or cold), herbal teas, and lots of nourishing broth and homemade soups or khichdis.
  3. Drink at least six to eight glasses of water daily.

Eat a balanced diet. The diet should be High protein, Low fat and High fluid Diet. Take supplements as needed to ensure you are receiving the recommended dietary allowances for vitamin A, the vitamin B complex and vitamin C, as well as the minerals zinc and copper.